|Type||concentric reducer(con reducer) , eccentric reducer(ecc reducer), seamless reducer ,
butt welding reducer,carbon steel reducer(CSreducer), mild steel reducer(MS reducer),
alloy steel reducer(AS reducer), stainless steel reducer(SS reducer)…
|Varieties||SCH5,SCH10,SCH20,SCH30,STD,SGP, SCH40, SCH60,
XS, SCH80, XXS,SCH100,SCH120,SCH140,SCH160
|Standred||ANSI B 16.9/ANSI B16.28/MSS SP43/MSS P75/IS2311/JIS 2312/JIS2313/ DIN2615
|Materia||Carbon steel: ASTM A234 GR WPB , ST37.2 , ST35.8……
Alloy steel: A234 WP5/WP9/WP11/WP22/WP91, A420 WPL6,A860
Stainless stee: A403 WP304/TP304 , WP304L/TP304L, WP316/TP316,WP31 6L/TP316L,
WP321/TP321 , WP310/TP310……
|Surface treatment||Carbon steel:Shot blasted, black painting, rust-proof oil, transparent oil,
galvanizing,, hot galvanizing
Alloy steel:Shot blasted, black painting, rust-proof oil,
transparent oil, galvanizing. hot galvanizing
Stainless steel: pickled,Polish
|Application Fields||Chemical Industry /Petroleum Industry /Power Industry/Metallurgical Industry
Building Industry /Ship-building Industry
The introduction sets the stage for the topic, explaining the importance of reducers in piping systems.
A reducer in piping is a component used in pipe systems to reduce the pipe size from a larger to a smaller bore (inner diameter). The length of the reduction is usually equal to the average of the larger and smaller pipe diameters. Reducers are used where the pipe on the upstream side of the reducer is larger in size than the downstream side.
There are two main types of reducers in piping: concentric and eccentric reducers.
The selection of reducer type depends on various factors, including:
Concentric reducers have several advantages:
Concentric reducers are used in a variety of applications, such as in pump inlets and installations where fluid accumulation is not a concern.
Reducers play a vital role in pipeline systems. They allow for changes in pipe diameter, which can help control fluid velocity and pressure. They also enable the connection of pipes of different diameters, facilitating versatility in pipeline design and installation.
This section could provide specific examples of how pipe reducers are used in various industries, such as oil and gas, chemical processing, power generation, and water treatment.
While reducers decrease the diameter of the pipe, increasers (or expanders) increase it. The choice between using a reducer or increaser depends on the requirements of the piping system, including desired flow velocity, pressure conditions, and the need to prevent fluid accumulation.
The conclusion would summarize the main points discussed in the thesis, emphasizing the importance of understanding the role and application of reducers in piping systems.
Remember: each section of this outline could be expanded to a full chapter, with introduction, body, and conclusion segments. To reach your 6500-word count, you’ll need to conduct in-depth research on each topic and present detailed evidence, examples, and explanations.